Types of Chemical Bottling Containers
There are various types of chemical bottling containers designed to safely store and transport chemicals, each with its own characteristics and suitability for different types of chemicals. The choice of container should consider factors such as chemical compatibility, reactivity, safety requirements, and regulatory compliance. Always consult safety data sheets (SDS) and follow local, state, and federal regulations when selecting chemical bottling containers.
The most common types of chemical containers are:
1. Glass Bottles:
- Glass bottles are often used for storing laboratory reagents, pharmaceuticals, and certain chemicals. They are chemically inert and provide excellent visibility.
- Amber or brown glass bottles are used to protect light-sensitive chemicals from UV radiation.
- Glass bottles may come with screw caps, stoppers, or crimp seals.
2. Plastic Bottles:
- Plastic bottles are lightweight, durable, and cost-effective.
- Common plastic materials for chemical bottles include high-density polyethylene (HDPE), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), polypropylene (PP), and fluorinated plastics for highly corrosive chemicals.
- Plastic bottles come in various shapes and sizes, including narrow-neck and wide-mouth options.
- They may have screw caps, flip-top caps, child-resistant caps, or dispensing caps.
3. Metal Containers:
- Metal containers, such as aluminum or steel cans, are used for some chemicals, especially flammable or pressurized substances.
- They are often used for aerosols, solvents, and paints.
- Metal containers are generally lined to prevent chemical interaction with the metal.
4. Composite Containers:
- Composite containers are made from a combination of materials, such as plastic and metal, to provide specific properties.
- For example, composite drums may combine a plastic interior with a metal or fiberboard exterior for the storage of chemicals.
- Drums are large containers typically used for storing bulk quantities of chemicals, such as industrial chemicals or hazardous waste.
- They come in various materials, including steel, plastic, and fiberboard.
- Some drums have removable lids, while others have removable tops for easy access.
6. Cans and Pails:
- Cans and pails are smaller metal or plastic containers often used for paint, coatings, adhesives, and some chemicals.
- They come in various sizes and can have airtight seals.
7. Tanks and Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBCs):
- Tanks and IBCs are used for storing and transporting large volumes of chemicals, often in industrial settings.
Browse ILT’s catalog of Chemical Packaging products here.
What are best practices for storing chemicals in bottles?
Cleanliness: Keeping chemical bottles clean is vital for safety, accuracy, and regulatory compliance. Residue or contaminants inside bottles can lead to hazardous reactions, alter chemical properties, and compromise results. Clean bottles prevent accidents, ensure regulatory adherence, protect the environment, and support accurate measurements, promoting safety and reliability in laboratory and industrial settings.
Chemical compatibility: Ensure that the chosen bottle material is compatible with the chemical being stored. Different chemicals may require bottles made of specific materials, such as glass, plastic, or metal. Consult safety data sheets for compatibility information.
Labeling: Properly label each chemical bottle with essential information, including the chemical name, concentration, hazard symbols, date of receipt, and any other relevant safety information. Use durable, legible labels.
Tight sealing: Ensure that the bottle is tightly sealed to prevent leakage and the escape of fumes. Screw caps, stoppers, or closures should form an airtight seal.
Secondary containment: Store bottles containing hazardous or corrosive chemicals in secondary containment measures, such as trays or bins, to capture potential leaks and spills.
Temperature control: Store chemicals at the recommended temperature specified on the chemical label or safety data sheet. Avoid exposing chemicals to extreme temperature fluctuations.
What is the importance of lab vial septa in chemical bottling?
Lab vial septa play a vital role in chemical bottling by creating a hermetic seal that safeguards the purity and integrity of the enclosed substances. This seal prevents contamination, evaporation, and chemical reactions, ensuring the reliability of analytical results, accurate measurements, and the safe storage of sensitive chemicals in laboratory and industrial settings.